Published On: Thu, May 7th, 2020

Ancient history news: 10,000 artefacts from Ming and Qing dynasties unearthed in China | World | News

The treasure trove of objects includes elaborate utensils and religious relics, as well as building materials. Among the unearthed artefacts were more than 900 pieces of bronze ware, pottery and porcelain, as well as over 10,000 fragments of bricks and tiles. The excavations began last November at the ruins of the Mangdeng Buddhist temple, the Mangzhen pagoda and Mengsa Chengzi village.

Min Rui, a researcher at the Yunnan Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, said the find will help to shed light on local religious culture.

He told reporters: “This discovery can provide rich information for understanding people’s production and living situations, social structure, funeral customs, urban architecture, Buddhist culture and foreign exchanges in Lincang during that time.”

The Ming Dynasty ruled China from 1368 to 1644 A.D., during which China’s population would double.

Known for its trade expansion to the outside world that established cultural ties with the West, the Ming Dynasty is also remembered for its drama, literature and world-renowned porcelain.

Porcelain became one of the best-loved exports of the Ming Dynasty.

Created by grinding china-stone, mixing it with china-clay and then baking until translucent, the technique was developed during the Tang Dynasty, but perfected in the Ming era.

An imperial porcelain factory was created in Jingdezhen in 1368 to produce wares for the imperial court.

Though various colours might be featured on a piece, the classic Ming porcelain was white and blue.

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Social mores became more conservative during the Qing reign, with worsened penalties for homosexuals.

Increased demand for purity in women led to a mass refusal of men to accept widows as their brides.

This led to significant growth in suicides of widows, and the creation of homes for widows where interaction with men was limited.

The conservative shift was reflected in the arts, and there was a general turn against literature and stage plays that were deemed subversive.

Books were routinely banned, and theatres shut down.

However, painting thrived under the auspices of former Ming clan members Zhu Da and Shi Tao.

Both became monks to escape being drafted into the service of the Qing dynasty and became painters.

Buddhism has had a long history in China and has been instrumental in shaping Chinese culture and tradition.

One significant difference between Chinese Buddhism and original Buddhist teachings is the belief that Buddha is not just a teacher who taught followers what to do, but a god to be prayed to for help and salvation.

COvhinese Buddhists believe in a combination of Taoism and Buddhism, meaning they pray to both Buddha and Taoist gods.

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