Published On: Wed, Mar 25th, 2020

Archaeology news: How historian unearthed Alexander the Great’s tomb – ‘No doubt it’s his’ | World | News

Archaeologist Liana Souvaltzi claims she discovered the real tomb of Alexander 20 years ago in Egypt, but has been blocked by the Greek and Egyptian governments ever since. She specialises in the history of Alexander the Great, and supported the hypothesis that his wish for his body to be buried in the well-known temple of the supreme Egyptian god Amun Ra, in the Oasis of Siwa, had been honoured. The location was of huge significance in the ancient world, and is where Alexander was ‘confirmed’ as the son of Zeus – the legendary god of Greek mythology.

In 1984, Ms Souvaltzi applied to the Egyptian authorities for permission to excavate the area of the Siwa Oasis, located around 30 miles east of the Libyan border, and 350 miles from Cairo.

In 1989, five years after the application had been submitted, permission was granted and excavations began.

The team of researchers made a staggering discovery just a week into digging.

Mr Souvaltzi and her team found an entranceway, guarded by lion statues, to what appeared to be a very large and important monument.

Over the next several years, the excavations revealed that the monument was a magnificent 525 square-metre Hellenistic royal tomb.

The archeologists found numerous lion heads on the site, suggesting the burial was of an important figure.

Among the inscriptions and carvings was a symbol of Amun Ra and Greek decorations, meaning the tomb could well belong to Alexander the Great.

One of the inscriptions, which Ms Souvaltzi believes was written by Ptolemy – a famous companion of Alexander – refers to the elaborate transportation of the body to that tomb, though there is no reference to any names.

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Alexander was the King in what is now Northern Greece.

As nationalist tensions still ran high in the region, the Greek government called a stop to the excavations.

The then Prime Minister, Costas Simitis, sent an advisor of the Greek Embassy to ask the Egyptian government to withdraw Ms Souvaltzi’s permission to excavate and to prevent any further excavations of the tomb.

Alexander the Great was a king of Macedonia who conquered an empire that stretched from the Balkans to modern-day Pakistan.

He was famous for his military campaign through Asia and northeast Africa, and by the age of thirty, he had created one of the largest empires of the ancient world.

Even now, Ms Souvaltzi is fighting for the right to continue her excavation at the site.

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